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Individual teaching: the six models of blended learning

One of the leading researchers on blended learning, Michael B. Horn from Innosight Institute, has identified six main blended learning models. Will one of these models work in your school? And are you already doing it?

If you haven’t yet heard of blended learning, you will soon. Identified by key experts in the US and Europe as the 21st century model for education, blended learning is simply the combination of combines online and face-to-face teaching. It promises to give more time with individual teachers and enable students to personalize their learning in and outside of school. These are Michael B. Horn’s six models of blended learning.

Face-to-Face driver

Teachers deliver most of the curriculum in face-to-face classes. However, they also produce online resources to supplement or revise course material, which students can study at home, in the classroom or in the IT lab.


The students rotate between a period of face-to-face tuition and a period of online study. In some case, online study may be done remotely (at home, for example).


In this model, most learning is done in the online environment. Face-to-face teaching is still available, but for small groups or individuals on an as-needed basis.

Online lab

All course material and teaching is done online, but in a physical classroom on computer lab. Teachers interact with students online (through pre-recorded videos, audio and video conferences or discussion forums and email.


A fully individualized approach, in this model the students takes online classes a la carte. Much of the learning is done online, but the student will still attend face-to-face classes.

Online driver

Students work mainly online in a remote location and come into school for optional or required face-to-face classes.

  • See Michael B. Horn explain why blended learning is on the rise (recorded at the itslearning user conference in Norway in 2011)
  • Read the full blended learning case story report by Innosight Institute

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